Puppies are constantly learning from the environment, socialization with people and animals, and training. The best time to train your puppy is between eight and twelve weeks of age, which is usually when they first come home. It is important to remember that although the arrival of a puppy can be a great joy, training can help him lay the foundation for his behavior in adulthood.
That is why we have prepared a series of tips so that you can train your puppy to get the proper socialization that will allow him to become a confident adult dog. From eight weeks of age, a puppy can learn basic training cues such as sit, stay still or come to a call.
Tips for training your puppy
- Use positive reinforcement. To train your puppy you can use positive reinforcement. That is, reward him with praise or a dog treat every time he performs a task well. He will learn to understand both what is expected of him and will also be more motivated to continue learning. In fact, animal behavior experts agree that positive reinforcement is the only acceptable and scientifically supported training method. The use of techniques with harsh corrections or based on dominance often produce negative consequences in dogs such as fear and anxiety in their adult life.
- Short sessions. The sessions when you are training your puppy should be about five minutes each. On average, they should not exceed fifteen minutes per day and end with positive reinforcement. This will allow your puppy to end up excited and looking forward to the next session.
- Be consistent. It is important that you maintain consistency in training your furry friend. We mean that you will have to use the same word or hand signal when you are training it. For example, when teaching him basic signals, you should always give him the same signals to avoid confusing him. At the same time, remember that desired behaviors should be consistently reinforced, even when the time is not right. For example, if you are in a training session and your puppy gives you signs of needing to go potty, let him out and reward him for asking.
- Different environments. While in principle it is important that the training sessions take place in the same place, it is also advisable to change locations. What this means is that practicing in different environments will help your puppy gain confidence and obey commands no matter where he is. If you always train your puppy at home, it will certainly be different doing it in a park, because there will be many distractions. However, this will allow your dog to learn to obey in different environments.
- Be patient. Puppies are in a constant learning process. They may often make mistakes or not understand what is expected of them. In these cases it is necessary to be patient and tolerant and to maintain regular routines. And of course, avoid frustrations.
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