What are the six most common diseases in cats?

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Cats, adorable and mysterious beings, are loyal companions in many homes around the world. However, like any living being, cats are not exempt from diseases. It is essential for cat owners to be informed about the most common diseases in order to identify early symptoms and seek appropriate treatment. Read on and find out more about this topic.

Most common diseases in cats

Here is an informative guide to some of the most common diseases in cats.

  1. Respiratory diseases:

Upper respiratory diseases are common in cats and can be caused by viruses or bacteria. The common feline cold is one of the most common respiratory diseases. Symptoms include sneezing, runny nose and watery eyes. In addition, feline rhinotracheitis and feline calicivirus are serious viral infections that affect the respiratory tract and are also common in cats, especially in multi-cat environments.

  1. Urinary tract diseases:

Urinary problems are common in cats, and cystitis, an inflammation of the bladder, is a major concern. Symptoms include difficulty urinating, blood in the urine and unusual behavior in the litter box. Urethral obstruction is another serious condition that can occur, especially in male cats, and can be potentially fatal if not treated promptly.

  1. Dental diseases:

Dental health is essential for cats, and dental disease is quite common. Plaque and tartar buildup can lead to gum disease and tooth loss. Cat owners should watch for signs such as bad breath, red and swollen gums, and changes in eating habits, as these could indicate dental problems.

  1. Parasitic diseases:

Parasites, such as fleas and ticks, are a constant concern for cat owners. These insects can transmit diseases and cause significant discomfort. In addition, cats can contract intestinal worms through ingestion of infected fleas or by ingesting rodents. Regular deworming is essential to prevent these diseases.

  1. Renal diseases:

Chronic kidney disease is common in older cats. Symptoms include increased thirst, weight loss, vomiting and lethargy. It is essential to perform regular check-ups, especially in older cats, to detect kidney problems in early stages and manage them properly.

  1. Feline Leukemia (FeLV) and Feline Immunodeficiency (FIV):

These are serious viral diseases that affect the immune system of cats. Feline leukemia and feline immunodeficiency are transmitted primarily through saliva and close contact between cats. Early detection is key to managing these diseases and providing a healthy life for the cat.

Attention and observation

In summary, preventive care and careful observation are critical to maintaining the health of cats. Regular veterinary checkups, a balanced diet, proper hygiene and attention to any changes in behavior are essential to prevent and address common diseases in these beloved feline companions. Staying informed and being proactive in veterinary care will ensure a long and healthy life for the cats in our homes.

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