The Caucasian shepherd is a dog that has always been used as a shepherd to guide and protect herds against wolves, and as a guardian to defend property. It is one of the oldest breeds in the world and its origin is in the Tibetan Mastiff breed.
It is a security dog breed that stands out for its large size which imposes a lot of presence, and for its guard and defense reaction to the outside. His temperament is balanced as he is calm and faithful within the family environment, but at the same time he is territorial, protective and aggressive because he is not afraid of anything and is very confident of his strength.
The Caucasian shepherd needs training.
On the one hand, they require an owner with a firm character that makes them socialize and train them from the time they are small with clear orders so that they easily recognize a sit down, quiet, y attackOtherwise, they may react in a way that even the owner cannot control and may cause accidents.
Based on this, it is advisable that the owner is accustomed to raising dogs, or that he hires a trainer for advice.
On the other hand, they are not dogs that will obey every command of the owner like a soldier, but require a breeding with clear orders that mark what to do and what not to do. They are independent animals, that is to say, their great intelligence and intuition allow them to react autonomously as the situation requires.
Physical characteristics of the Caucasian shepherd
It is one of the largest dog breeds on the planet. As adults, males reach an average length of 70 cm and weigh up to 60 kg, while females measure 65 cm and weigh 45 kg. Its body is robust, strong, resistant and muscular, with a large coat of smooth hair but with a strong and rough texture, of different colors such as white, brown, black, and mahogany, although it is not so usual.
These characteristics mean that they require a lot of money for their maintenance -because they eat 1 kg per day-, as well as daily brushing to keep their coat healthy, a large area to move around -not suitable for small spaces-, and once again, I repeat, a firm upbringing.
They do not usually have health problems due to their physical resistance, and live an average of 10 or 11 years.
Being a mountain dog, it is accustomed to temperature changes and has three types of coat. This breed loses hair all year round, but mainly in spring and autumn, since from winter to summer they change their coat and reduce the amount of hair to withstand the high temperatures.
You will only find it in countries such as Russia, Ukraine, Poland, Hungary and the Czech Republic, which is why it can cost between 1,000 and 3,000 euros.